Jul 13

Deaf Education in Indonesia

Indonesian government has not yet official number of Deaf people in the country and how many deaf people get education. In October 2007 was report made of World Federation of the Deaf about sitution of deaf people in Asia and very interesting reading there.

Indonesia government should change the priority for the deaf people to get them more educated and recognize sign language as their first language.



“One question aimed to find out reasons for Deaf people’s unemployment; nine countries (Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand) provided justifications as follows:

• Most job training is not accessible for Deaf people

• Education and job training for Deaf people is available in few parts of the country

• Barriers in communication

• Discrimination towards Deaf by hearing people

• Deaf people live in villages

• Lack of Vocational Training for Deaf people

• Lack of Deaf Awareness and access to Sign Language Interpreters in the work place

• Some Deaf people prefer to stay at home and rely on a parent’s support

The final question asked if there were any employment services to assist unemployed Deaf people to find positions and also asked who is responsible for this service. Eleven out of 13 countries (Australia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Korea, Sri Lanka and Thailand) have specialized services offered by both the Government Employment “

In Indonesia:

“There are several laws that relate to both Deaf people and People with Disabilities as follows:

1. Law Number: 72 / Year 1991 about the Development of Social Welfare for People with Disabilities

2. Law Number: 4 / Year 1997 about People with Disabilities

3. The National Action of Biwako Millennium Framework 2003 – 2014

“IAWD has never really received annual financial support. Any funding received would

be based on a Proposed Budget Plan. However only limited funding is available due to

the financial situation of the Indonesian Government.”

  • Do Deaf people have access to government services such as education, health care, employment, social welfare and any general government services in Indonesia? Yes they have.


  • Are Deaf people satisfied with the level of access they have to the government services in Indonesia?
  • No, they are NOT satisfied because there is still some discrimination
  • Does your country’s (Indonesia) government provide sign language services for news and/or current affairs programmers on public television?  No
  • Does your country’s (Indonesia) government offer governmental documents in your country’s sign language(s)?
  • No in Indonesia
  • Does your country’s(Indonesia) government formally recognize your country’s sign language(s)?
  • Indonesia government does not answer the question. So it must be no.

Of nearly 2.000.000 people who are consider deaf in Indonesia, have only 8000 deaf people got education .


Quotes are got from:

Global Survey Report

WFD Regional Secretariat for Asia and the Pacific (WFD RSA/P)

Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People

Compiled by Mr Colin Allen

Project Co-ordinator

World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf

Published May 2008




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